- Choose reading materials that are at your child’s reading level or slightly higher.
- Take a “walk” through the book (preview). Talk about the cover illustrations, title, author, headings, chapter titles, captions, pictures, et.
- Use predictions to draw on what your child already knows and to allow your child to use the information gathered during the preview.
- Ask questions: What do you think this book (article, story, et.) might be about? Answers should be based on what he or she already knows about a topic and also on what they learned from the preview.
- Make real life connections. Draw your child into the book.
- When reading to your child, make sure he or she can see the book or has a copy.
- Pause at appropriate times and discuss the book or story as you read.
- Pause and discuss interesting or keywords without disrupting the flow or meaning.
- When your child is having difficulty with words, silently count to ten before prompting, and encourage him or her to:
- Sound it out.
- Look at the part of the word they know (called “chunking).
- Back up and try again.
- Put in something that makes sense.
- Continue reading to see if he/she can tell what it means from the rest of the sentence.
- Give information and discuss it
- Ask your child to retell the story.
- Identify new words or difficult words. Discuss or act out words, concepts, or events.
- Ask how he/she might behave or react to a similar situation.
- Give praise during and after reading.
- Discuss what was learned from the book or story and what he or she might like to learn more about.
- Talk with him/her about:
- the story to clarify meaning;
- the characters—which did you like? Why?
- Similar events in their lives and experiences (prior knowledge, background experience).